Sex hormones for women in their 40s

by | Feb 16, 2023 | Blog, Hormones

As women enter their 40s, they experience significant changes to their bodies, including fluctuations in sex hormone levels. These changes can have a profound impact on their physical, mental, and emotional health, as well as their quality of life. Therefore women need to have a basic understanding of sex hormones and their effects during this period of life. In this article, Wellthy Soul and Julie Bennett, CNP, will provide an overview of sex hormones, their functions, and how they affect women’s health in their 40s.

Sex hormones for women in their 40s and their Functions

Sex hormones play a vital role in regulating sexual development and function. The primary sex hormones in women are estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. Estrogen is responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle, maintaining the health of the reproductive system, and supporting bone health. Progesterone plays a crucial role in preparing the uterus for pregnancy, while testosterone helps maintain muscle mass and bone density.

Changes in Sex Hormones during the 40s

As women age, their bodies undergo a natural decline in sex hormone production. During their 40s, many women experience fluctuations in their sex hormone levels, which can cause a range of physical and emotional symptoms. The most common changes include a decrease in estrogen and progesterone levels, leading to irregular periods, vaginal dryness, and hot flashes. Testosterone levels also decline, leading to a decrease in libido, muscle mass, and bone density.

Effects of Changes in Sex Hormones

Changes in sex hormone levels during the 40s can have a significant impact on women’s health and well-being. Some common effects include:

  1. Menopausal Symptoms: As estrogen levels decline, women may experience hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and sleep disturbances.
  2. Decreased Bone Density: Low estrogen levels can also lead to decreased bone density, which increases the risk of osteoporosis and fractures.
  3. Vaginal Dryness: Low estrogen levels can cause vaginal dryness, itching, and discomfort during sex.
  4. Decreased Libido: As testosterone levels decline, women may experience a decrease in sexual desire and arousal.
  5. Weight Gain: Changes in sex hormone levels can also affect metabolism, leading to weight gain and difficulty losing weight.

Basic Education for Sex Hormones in Women’s 40s

While changes in sex hormones are a natural part of aging, there are steps women can take to manage their symptoms and maintain their health. Here are some basic education tips for women in their 40s:

  1. Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: Eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can help maintain healthy hormone levels and reduce the risk of age-related diseases.
  2. Speak with a Healthcare Provider: Women should speak with their healthcare provider about their symptoms and explore treatment options such as hormone replacement therapy.
  3. Get Regular Health Screenings: Women should get regular health screenings, including mammograms and bone density tests, to detect any potential health issues early on.
  4. Practice Soul Work: Practicing self-care activities such as meditation, yoga, and mindfulness can help manage stress and improve overall well-being.


In conclusion, basic education about sex hormones for women in their 40s is crucial to manage their health and well-being. By understanding the changes in sex hormone levels, women can take steps to manage their symptoms, reduce the risk of age-related diseases, and improve their quality of life.

If you have been weight loss resistant, moody, or experiencing any of the other symptoms above, let’s connect. Wellthy Soul’s Hormones and Nutrition Program will provide you with knowledge of your current physical chemistry and eating habits to heal your body from the inside out. Learn more today!